There is an obvious distinction between a vice and an immoral action. Vices are habitual and usually trivial defects or shortcomings. Vices are self-oriented and do not involve, let alone harm another being. Hence why they are not immoral. It might not be prudent to engage in most of the upcoming vices, but that is the difference between vices and immoral actions. Vices are usually the result of imprudence, and imprudence is not the same as immorality. Imprudence can be recognised and worked upon, so that the individual can eventually become prudent and can grow spiritually.
Prudence is the proper application of moral principles. Imprudence is foolishness. Prudence is not morality. It is not immoral to kick a heavy stone with your bare foot, but it would probably be foolish.
For an action to be wrong or immoral, another sentient being has to be involved. Meaning, in the three-dimensional reality in which we live, they have objectively provable harmful results. When you steal from another being, it is immoral, it is wrong. Immoral actions constitute behaviour that causes harm unto another sentient being.
Imprudence vs Immorality
There are 7 morally relative vices taught in Christianity and Catholicism. These are Pride, Gluttony
Sloth, Lust, Anger, Jealousy, and Greed.
If someone is prideful, no one else is harmed by merely being in that state. Obviously it’s not great to be counterproductively and selfishly prideful, but it is still a vice, it does not constitute a crime and it is not immoral. Immoral behaviour is that which initiates harm unto another sentient being. Being prideful does not initiate harm and is therefor not immoral.
Culture teaches that pride is an unwarranted valuation of self. You are a being of unlimited value, and culture is lying to you.
Pride is condemned by culture because culture does not want people to understand how much they are worth. It purposely confounds the meanings of pride and conceit. Conceit is believing that you are more valuable than others. All people have infinite value. To be conceited is to degrade the value of those around you. Authority is the ultimate conceit. It lays people low lest they believe that it is they, and not law which has value.
Pride is an understanding of your own worth. Culture condemns it in order to suggest that you are really not of sufficient value to do, say, or accomplish things that you desire. Pride offends others because they have been taught by culture their entire lives that they have little or no value. They are hurt by the misunderstanding that prideful people are better than they are. They are taught that pride is conceit.
If people were not so easily swayed by the doctrines of culture, they would recognize that all people have equal value. When they see the pride of a person who has faith in themselves above that of their own, they would rejoice. If a prideful person has great value, then so do they. Culture condemns pride in order to crush the spirit of faith in yourself.
Gluttony is a vice. You’re doing it to yourself, and not to another being. It might not contribute to your own health, but you’re not doing it unto another sentient being. It might not be prudent, but it is not immoral.
Sloth, also known as laziness, is also a vice. It is you doing it to yourself. It is not a harmful behaviour that you do unto others. It is not prudent to be unproductive, certainly in times when action is needed, but is it not immoral.
Lust is also a vice. Being redundantly focussed on sexual gratification is a personal desire. For as long as it remains a desire, and does not manifest itself as a transgression upon someone else’s right to choose whom they want to sexually interact with, I.e. rape, no other being is harmed, and is therefor not immoral.
Anger is also a vice. Anger is definitely not immoral, since it can be righteous, as is the case with righteous indignation. When injustices are taking place in a society or the right to freedom is being transgressed upon, there is an obvious right to be angry. Those who want to control you don’t want you to be angry, but that you remain passive in its stead whilst they take away your freedom unscathed.
“He who is not angry when there is just cause for anger is immoral. Why? Because anger looks to the good of justice. And if you can live amid injustice without anger, you are immoral as well as unjust.”
– Thomas Aquinas
Merely desiring what other people possess also does not constitute an immoral action, because it does not result in the initiation of harm unto another being or their possession by simply desiring it. Therefor it is just a vice.
Wanting too much material possessions is also a vice. It is often not reasonable, but it is not immoral. Actually taking the possessions of another being that has rightfully acquired those possessions is an immoral deed. The desire for any possession at all is not immoral.
All the of aforementioned ‘sins’ are merely vices, and are not immoral actions, because they do not result in harm unto another sentient being. On the contrary, there are seven behaviours that do result in harm unto others and are therefor really immoral.
The Seven True Deadly Sins
The taking without right of life that does not belong to you to take (theft) (including animal life). You are taking property (the vehicle for physical experience) that does not belong to you.
You are taking the well-being or health of a sentient being that does not belong to you to take (theft). You are Initiating real harmful behaviour
You are transgressing upon someone’s right of free will to sexually associate with whomever they choose (theft). It is not your right to take their free will of sexual association.
The taking of physical property which does not belong to you to take.
taking away the security of another being in their own personal living space or lair. You are stealing someone’s ability to live securely in their space which they use and actively own (theft).
The taking of free will through the threat of violence (duress, theft)
Hiding information that is required to make informed decisions (deception).
If one attempts to deceive a majority into believing that something is safe to take into oneself (a vaccine) whilst consciously denying any unpleasant effects that could lead to severe injuries, it results in harm unto another being. By means of deception. (Venial lies are not talked about here.)
Ultimately it is the stealing of necessary truth or the deliberate withholding of necessary truth when someone does not understand the subject at hand, and in the absence of the truth, you have stolen their ability to make informed decisions about things that are truly important (theft). Without them being aware of any potential consequences, it might result in harm unto their physical body or their psyche. When harm has taken place, it is a direct result of the withholding of necessary foreknowledge and the deliberate denial of any harmful effects.
We are held responsible for all these forms of theft as higher order thought functioning beings who have the holistic capacity for the understanding of Right behaviour and Wrong behaviour. That is why this applies to humanity and not to the animal kingdom.
The seven vices are tainted as ‘sins’ or ‘crimes’ to enslave you in your mind. You will Loath yourself for committing vices, because you have been erroneously convinced that they are immoral, when they are not. And in doing so you continuously wrath upon yourself for being imperfect, and remain self-loathing. For a being that hates themselves, will not have a hard time losing their freedom and their property. A being that abhors him/herself will not respect themselves enough to enrage about real crimes being committed upon him/herself by others. For a self-loathing individual will keep fighting him/herself mentally in lieu of fighting injustice and real immorality physically.